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Follow the steps below and note one thing guest account players can’t redeem the rewards.Free Fire Redeem Code First Step – Players have to login in the Official Redemption site (https://reward.ff.garena.com/ ) EsportsFree Fire Facebook Twitter Esports Free Fire Redeem Code Second Step – Players have to login through their linked I’d by choosing the platform ( Facebook, Twitter) RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR The wait is over! Battlegrounds Mobile India Early Access is open for ALL, Download Link Previous articleICC WTC Final: Agarkar predicts, “Jamieson’s height will pose a challenge to Virat Kohli and Co’Next articleESPL, India’s first-ever franchise-based Esports league featuring Free Fire, signs Infinix Mobile as title sponsor Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. 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Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Collierville, TN An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Featured Jobs & Calls Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Commonalities surface as Galatians 6:2 participants share their stories The Rev. C. K. Robertson, canon to Presiding Bishop Michael Curry for ministry beyond the Episcopal Church, and Rebecca Linder Blachly, the U.S. State Department’s senior policy advisor for Africa in the Office of Religion and Global Affairs, play with orphans at Valentine Orphanage April 2, during a group visit to outreach ministries of the Diocese of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Photo: Andrea Mann[Episcopal News Service – Dar es Salaam, Tanzania] Throughout the Galatians 6:2 Conference, participants from six Anglican Communion provinces found that on issues of Anglican and Episcopal identity, theological education, migration, human trafficking and the environment, their commonalities outnumber their differences.Coming together to discuss challenges affecting the church and the world and seeking solutions reminded the Rev. Vicentia Kgabe, rector for The College of the Transfiguration in Grahamstown, South Africa, of the importance of community and of the richness of the Anglican Communion.“The bonds of affection continue to get stronger,” said Kgabe. But the church, he added, needs to strengthen its voice in the world.Twenty-three people representing six Anglican Communion provinces – Burundi, Central Africa, Southern Africa, Tanzania,West Africa, and the U.S.-based Episcopal Church – gathered for theMarch 30-April 3 conference aimed at developing a model of collaboration that will enable the provinces to carry one another’s burdens in mission. Throughout the conference, the group held in prayer neighboring Burundi, which is experiencing ongoing political conflict and violence.The referenced verse, “Bear one another’s burdens and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ,” undergirded the participants’ work and fellowship.One of the most hopeful outcomes of the conference “is the realization and the recognition that we are part of each other as brothers and sisters in Christ,” said Bishop Brian Marajh of the Diocese of George in the Anglican Church of Southern Africa. He added that it is important to put this in the context of “where we find ourselves in the Anglican Communion … the Gospel imperative is to be a part, rather than being apart.”Patricia Kisare, the Episcopal Church’s Washington, D.C.-based officer for international affairs, and Bishop Jacob Ayeebo of Tamale, Anglican Church of Ghana, speak to one of the sisters from the Community of St. Mary, an order of the Anglican Church of Tanzania. Photo: Andrea MannIssues of human sexuality and same-sex marriage have strained relations in the Anglican Communion since the early 2000s.In January, a majority of Anglican primates called for temporary “consequences” for the Episcopal Church, recommending that its participation in ecumenical dialogues and some Anglican Communion bodies be restricted. The primates’ actions at their gathering in Canterbury, England, were a response to the 2015 General Convention’s decisions to change canonical language defining marriage, and the authorization of marriage rites that would apply to both same- and opposite-sex couples.The Galatians 6:2 Conference had been planned in advance of the primates’ gathering, in part in response to those longstanding differences, but also as an ongoing changing approach to missional relationships and partnerships between churches in the United States and Africa. The conference was conceived during an October 2014 meeting in New York City where the six primates in attendance set their intention to build missional partnerships among their churches.“One of the greatest takeaways of this conference has been the strengthening of our relationships as members together of our global Anglican family,” said the Rev. Chuck K. Robertson, canon to Presiding Bishop Michael Curry for ministry beyond the Episcopal Church. Robertson participated in the Galatians 6:2 Conference as part of the Episcopal Church’s delegation. “In the sharing of our stories, in our deliberations and decisions, and in our common prayer, we have deepened the friendships and trust between us even as we commit ourselves anew to the crucial work before us all,” he added“These people are interested in working in partnership, not in isolation,” said the Rev. Canon Isaac Kawuki-Mukasa, who works as an officer for Africa relations for both the Anglican Church of Canada and the Episcopal Church.Kawuki-Mukasa facilitated the conference alongside the Rev. Ranjit K. Mathews, the Episcopal Church’s Africa partnerships officer, and Patricia Kisare, the Episcopal Church’s Washington, D.C.-based officer for international affairs. Observers included Rebecca Linder Blachly, the U.S. State Department’s senior policy advisor for Africa in the Office of Religion and Global Affairs; Grace Kaiso, general secretary of the Council of Anglican Provinces of Africa, and Andrea Mann, director of global relations for the Anglican Church of Canada.“Any time there is an opportunity for the communion to come together to work on important matters of mutual concern it’s a good thing,” said Mann, adding that this conference was of particular importance because participants were seeking to develop a model of collaboration intended to lead to provincial partnerships. “It’s a concrete implementation of a commission of primates to provinces to get going on something.”Participants and facilitators are writing a letter to communicate the group’s findings and recommendations for future collaboration to the six primates. Participants included bishops, priests, deans and development officials, who throughout the conference worked in small groups and shared their stories and experiences as they discussed nine topics that were established in advance of the conference. The nine topics were: sustainability, health/environment, human trafficking/migration, theological education/religious freedom, and finance/pension.At the outset of the conference participants entered into a covenant with one another to be fully present, to listen and to share their stories. It was through a generous spirit and storytelling that commonalities and connections began to form.“Relationships have been formed, we are in each other’s road now,” said Bishop David Rice of the Diocese of San Joaquin in Central California. “This will allow us to do something with that, travel that road together, carry each other’s burdens.”Despite existing differences in the Anglican Communion, as the Galatians Conference has shown, the communion has far more in common than what it disagrees about, said Mathews.“We are going to continue to reach out in partnership based on common mission. We continue to believe that what holds us together is much stronger than what divides us,” he said. “It’s time we focus on what holds us together. This is a concrete example of moving forward, and that’s why it’s significant. For such a long time we have allowed others to define what we mean by partnership.”The Galatians Conference was just one example of the ways the Episcopal Church and its primate, Presiding Bishop Michael Curry, remain in conversation with Anglican provinces in Africa. For example, Curry will travel to Accra, Ghana, in May for a meeting of the Consultation of Anglican Bishops in Dialogue, which began at the 2008 Lambeth Conference in response to differences over same-sex unions and larger questions of biblical interpretation.The Galatians Conference took place a little more than a week in advance of the Anglican Consultative Council, which brings together up to three representatives of each province every three or four years, and is scheduled to meet April 8-19 in Zambia.– Lynette Wilson is an editor/reporter for Episcopal News Service. Featured Events Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 By Lynette WilsonPosted Apr 4, 2016 Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Rector Shreveport, LA Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Bath, NC Associate Rector Columbus, GA Rector Belleville, IL New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Rector Albany, NY AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Martinsville, VA Curate Diocese of Nebraska Rector Washington, DC Rector Tampa, FL Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Submit an Event Listing Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector Knoxville, TN Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Africa, Youth Minister Lorton, VA The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector Pittsburgh, PA Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Anglican Communion Press Release Service Rector Smithfield, NC Submit a Press Release The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Director of Music Morristown, NJ Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Tags TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Submit a Job Listing In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28
Photographs Projects “COPY” CopyHouses•Boulder, United States “COPY” 2013 Manufacturers: Loewen, Wittus, Flatiron SteelSave this picture!© David LauerText description provided by the architects. The Sunshine Canyon house, designed for a family of four, is located on a high alpine hillside in a rocky canyon five miles above Boulder. A small cabin, surrounded by a dense forest of pine and fir trees, once occupied the site. In 2010, the Four Mile Canyon fire ravaged this property, burning the cabin and 4.5 acres of 100 year-old trees to the ground. When the ash had settled, what remained were granite outcrops, steep slopes, and newly revealed expansive vistas. The barren site eerily resembled the treeless landscape of Boulder at the turn of the century. Rediscovering the architectural language of that era―particularly the region’s mining and agricultural heritage―provided the necessary design inspiration. While the home’s gabled roof form and rustic materials recall the area’s early vernacular, the design seeks to establish a language of its own―reflective of and specific to its current context and geographic location.Save this picture!© David LauerSave this picture!Floor Plan – UpperSave this picture!© David LauerThe stepped form of the house provides a counterbalance to the site’s rugged features. A prominent granite outcropping establishes the datum and links the home to the landscape via a steel footbridge. The structure is inserted into the adjacent hillside allowing the home to visually cascade down the site’s natural contours. Two linear volumes―one containing family living space, the other bedrooms―are stacked and rotated to optimize solar access and to capture different views from each room. The cantilevered forms create shady, protected spaces below and sun-filled living spaces above.Save this picture!© David LauerExposed beams (with 85% recycled content), rusted steel cladding, and industrial-size barn doors visually link the home to the community’s rural roots, but principally serve to create a fire- resistant, maintenance- free structure. Save this picture!© David LauerA 3.5kW photo-voltaic array, combined with high efficiency electric appliances and LED lighting, produce an average monthly electric bill of $9. Closed and open cell foam insulation, double and triple pane windows with low-e glass, and rolling barn door shutters keep the house cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Heating is provided with a 96% efficiency boiler, hydronic radiant floor tubing, and a high efficiency wood burning stove. A light, open plan, with few walls allows daylight and breezes to naturally filter through all sides of the home. Save this picture!© David LauerProject gallerySee allShow lessThe Street Ratchada / ArchitectkiddSelected ProjectsWatch the Construction of Roland Garros’ New Tennis Stadiums in These AnimationsArchitecture News Share Photographs: David Lauer Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project United States CopyAbout this officeRenée del GaudioOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBoulderUnited StatesPublished on February 08, 2017Cite: “Sunshine Canyon House / Renée del Gaudio” 08 Feb 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago About Author: David Wharton Print This Post January 10, 2018 2,403 Views Tagged with: first-time foreclosures Foreclosure Foreclosure Auctions new york city propertyshark first-time foreclosures Foreclosure Foreclosure Auctions new york city propertyshark 2018-01-10 David Wharton New York City Foreclosed Homes Hit 8-Year High According to PropertyShark’s annual foreclosure report released this week, the Big Apple had 3,306 homes scheduled for auction last year, a year-over-year increase of 58 percent.PropertyShark releases quarterly reports on the state of foreclosures in New York City, and Q4 2017 reflected ongoing trends toward rising foreclosures in the city, with year-over-year increases in every borough except Manhattan.After peaking in 2008, New York City foreclosures began dropping year-after-year until they bottomed out in 2012. They’ve been increasing slowly ever since. The 2017 total of 3,306 New York homes scheduled for auction is nearly twice the 2015 total of 1,762.New foreclosure auctions in Brooklyn nearly doubled over 2016’s totals. PropertyShark reports 827 Brooklyn homes scheduled for auction in 2017, the highest number in the past decade. The previous record came in 2008, which only hit a high of 460 properties on the auction block for that year.Staten Island stands out with a massive 134 percent increase in the number of homes scheduled for auction, jumping from 183 to 428 between 2016 and 2017. It’s worth noting, however, that this still doesn’t beat Staten Island’s record for first-time foreclosures—that was set in 2008 when the total hit 616.Queens and the Bronx both saw foreclosure increases of around 40 percent. Queens has the highest number of homes in foreclosure of any of New York’s boroughs, leaping from 898 in 2016 to 1,260 in 2017. Even at a 40 percent increase, that total is still well behind the 2008 record of 2,284.As for the Bronx, new foreclosures increased 44 percent for the borough, totaling 650 properties scheduled for auction. That’s up from 451 in 2016. The Bronx had a relative calm 2008 compared to many of the other boroughs, having logged only 251 first-time foreclosures in that year.Manhattan, however, defied the trends and saw the rate of new foreclosure auctions remain flat year-over-year.Throughout New York City, PropertyShark reports that the number of homes entering the foreclosure process with the receipt of a lis pendens notice—a formal notice of intent to foreclose, sent from the lender to the borrower after several months of delinquency—continued the downward trend of previous years. New York City recorded 12,072 new filings in 2017, which amounted to a four percent year-over-year decrease. That’s the lowest total in a decade, with the exception of 2011’s 10,911 filings throughout the city.PropertyShark notes that most of the homes that entered the foreclosure auction stage in 2017 had lis pendens filed in 2013 or 2014, and around 20 percent as far back as 2009 and 2010.You can read PropertyShark’s full New York City foreclosure report by clicking here. Home / Daily Dose / New York City Foreclosed Homes Hit 8-Year High Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Related Articles Previous: How Could Housing Reform Affect Rural Mortgage Lending? Next: Proposed Arizona Bill Addresses HOA Foreclosure Timelines Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Share Save Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Foreclosure, Journal, News Subscribe Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago
Previous Article Next Article Last month, in an unprecedented move, the US mafia launched a recruitmentdrive after undercover police operations and staff defections reduced theirnumbers. Paul Simpson explains why, despite some stringent work practices, thisis a job to kill forIn these tough times, when employers announce job cuts every nanosecond,it’s good to know one large multinational is recruiting. The mafia in the US,hampered by an ageing and shrinking workforce, has started a recruitment drive,according to Michael ‘Cookie’ Durso, a mafioso now co-operating with theAmerican authorities. In New York, deaths, defections and arrests shrank the workforce of‘wiseguys’ by one tenth last year to 570. The mob, subtly glamourised in America’s top TV show The Sopranos, has usuallybeen in the business of making people offers they can’t refuse. But it isrealising this slightly old-fashioned approach isn’t as valid in today’s tightemployment market, so there’s never been an easier time to become a ‘made’mafioso. But before you pick up the phone, here’s some information you might need toknow…Your CV The US mafia has never been what you might call an equal opportunitiesemployer. And even in the current recruitment crisis, you’re more likely to geta job if you’re a white Italian-American male. You could be Jewish, like BugsySiegel and Meyer Lansky – two of the most famous American mobsters of the lastcentury – and Irish-Americans have been accepted, although they don’t getpromoted that often. But even if you’re from none of these backgrounds, don’t give up. One mafiasource has said “you have to inject blood into the family”, so it’sjust a question of how head office’s new line is being applied in your neck ofthe woods. If you’re female, you’ll probably only be accepted if you already have aclose relative (husband, son or sibling) in the mafia. That said, in theItalian mob, there is no glass ceiling for women with the right connections.Last June, Italy’s first godmother, or madrina, Maria Liccardi was arrested.One of Italy’s 30 most wanted criminals, she famously refused to accompanypolice to the station until a beautician had improved her coiffure. But the mafia’s new inclusive recruitment policy has limits. Disabled peopleneed not apply. And the mob is very ageist – they’re not interested in40-something career changers. How to apply Tricky. The mafia still doesn’t put recruitment ads in the local paper. Theydon’t use Office Angels, preferring to use their own specialist recruitmentagencies and methods. Ringing up the production office of The Sopranos won’thelp – the producers did talk to wiseguys for research but they’re not in thebusiness of dishing out phone numbers. The safest course is not to apply atall. Just wait for the mafia to come to you. If you’ve got the skills the mobwants, they’ll find you. The recruitment process You won’t get a letter specifying time and place for your job interview.You’ll probably get a phone call and be invited to a restaurant owned orprotected by the mob. Don’t be surprised by your interviewers’ foul language.They don’t all mumble like Marlon Brando’s Don Corleone, but FBI wiretaps showthat many mafioso use the f-word five times in every sentence. For research,rent Brian de Palma’s Scarface in which the f-word is heard 206 times. Don’t be disheartened if you don’t hear from them for a while. Each newappointment must be approved by mafia bosses and, as many of them are in theslammer, it can be hard to get their sign off on new recruits. What kinds of jobs are on offer? The ‘honoured society’ as the mafia calls itself has eight basic grades ofemployee. If you’re not Sicilian or Italian, you’ll probably join as an associate,known as a giovane d’honore. If you’ve got the right connections, you’ll startas a piciotto – a junior enforcer, also known as a ‘button man’. Do well andyou could become a sgarrista, a proper ‘made’ member of the mafia. After that,you could be promoted to capo regime or capo decina (lieutenant) in charge of acrew of 10 sgarristas. Those with expertise in business studies might become acontabile, a financial adviser – not the most glamourous job admittedly, butsafer than many. Sadly, further up the career ladder, it is a case of not whatyou know but who you know. Your chances of becoming a capo bastone, a second incommand, or a capo crimini (a boss of bosses, like Don Corleone in TheGodfather) may depend on having a surname like Genovese or Gambino. If youdon’t, or you’re not from the right ethnic background, you can become aconsigliere, a counsellor to a capo crimini, which is almost as lucrative andless likely to attract the FBI. The mob is also looking for people with onlineskills to exploit the web for their nefarious ends. What is the package like? You may start off earning less than your peers, but the fringe benefits areenormous. You’ll get discounts of up to 100 per cent at certain restaurants,never have to worry about being ripped off by your builder, and given the mobties to the US health industry you won’t have to worry about medicare andyou’ll get a decent company car (but be sure to buy a model with goodacceleration). Being a mobster hasn’t quite retained the glamour it had in the Rat Pack erabut casual sex is still one of the perks. Be careful though. Don’t cheat onyour other half if your other half has a surname like Genovese, Gambino, Gotti,Colombo, Luchese or Tocco. And don’t cheat with anyone with that surnameeither. As your career progresses, the greater your obligation to maintain a certainlifestyle. FBI wiretaps show middle managers in the mob are, like middlemanagers everywhere, stressed about the mortgage, the school fees, the kids whodon’t understand them… the difference being that the middle manager at GeneralMotors can change companies. Traditionally, staff leave the mafia in two ways: in a coffin or in FBIcustody. And although the organisation is trying to adjust to the modern labourmarket, these rules still apply. On the upside, working in the mafia isn’t like joining an impersonalbureaucracy. In the right outfit you could quickly impress the capo crimini andthere’s always scope for promotion: in one swoop on the Genovese family inApril 2001, 45 mobsters were arrested. The competitive position Russian gangsters are moving into the US market, trying to exploit the factthat the traditional mafia has been weakened by prosecutions, feuds and deaths.In New York, John Gotti, the ‘Teflon Don’, has succumbed to throat cancer atage 61. Another mob boss, Joseph ‘Little Joe’ Defede, is helping the FBI withits enquiries. And Joe ‘Bananas’ Bonnano, head of one of New York’s five greatmafia families (which still employs some 200 mafiosa) has just died of old agein Arizona. He was exiled there after trying to wipe out the other capocriminis in the 1960s. The Genoveses now lead the New York mafia and like to call themselves ‘theRolls-Royce of organised crime’. The largest of the five families, theGenoveses have recruited nine men in the last year, and employ more than 310members and associates. The DeCavalcante family, a small outfit in New Jerseythat inspired The Sopranos, has hired eight members to swell its ranks to 36. A word of warning: think twice before you join the Colombo family. The otherNew York syndicates don’t recognise this faction-ridden clan as a family so thetraditional benefits of being a wiseguy – other mafiosa not trying to kill you,for instance – do not always apply. But remember… A career in the mafia is not for everyone. Once you’ve had a picture of asaint burnt into your hand and recited the omerta vow of secrecy, you will havemade your bed. If you change your mind don’t be surprised to find a horse’shead in it. The mob isn’t big on part-time work or flexible hours. You won’t necessarilytravel the world (except for the north eastern seaboard of the US and, perhaps,Sicily), but you probably will meet interesting people and have to kill them. Those made uncomfortable by repetitive profanity, mindless violence andrigid hierarchical organisations need not apply. A certain degree of initiativeis welcome, but the mafia doesn’t want well-motivated self-starters. Mobemployees aren’t judged by their innovation, but on their obedience – 360degree feedback is a concept the mafia has yet to embrace. On the plus side, you will be given clear performance objectives by yourimmediate boss and you will be given lots of feedback on how your doing. You should by now know enough to decide if becoming a wiseguy or a godmotherwould be the right move for you. If you’re still in any doubt watch MartinScorsese’s GoodFellas. ” Mob rulesOn 25 Jun 2002 in Personnel Today Comments are closed. Related posts:No related photos.
The temporal evolution of electron distributions and associated wave activity following substorm injections in the inner magnetosphere are investigated using data from the CRRES satellite. Equatorial electron distributions and concomitant wave spectra outside the plasmapause on the nightside of the Earth are studied as a function of time since injection determined from the auroral-electrojet index (AE). The electron cyclotron harmonic (ECH) wave amplitudes are shown to be very sensitive to small modeling errors in the location of the magnetic equator. They are best understood at the ECH equator, defined by the local, maximum in the ECH wave activity in the vicinity of the nominal magnetic equator, suggesting that the ECH equator is a better measure of the location of the true equator. Strong ECH and whistler mode wave amplitudes are associated with the injected distributions and at the ECH equator, in the region 6.0 less than or equal to L < 7.0, exponential fits reveal wave amplitude decay time constants of 6.3+/-1.2 and 4.6+/-0.7 hours, respectively. Pancake electron distributions are seen to develop from injected distributions that are nearly isotropic in velocity space and, in this region, are seen to form on a similar timescale of approximately 4 hours suggesting that both wave types are involved in their production. The timescale for pancake production and wave decay is comparable with the average time interval between substorm events so that the wave-particle interactions are almost continually present in this region leading to a continual supply of electrons to power the diffuse aurora. In the region 3.8 less than or equal to L < 6.0 the timescale for wave decay at the ECH equator is 2.3 +/- 0.6 and 1.1 +/- 0.2 hours for ECH waves and whistler mode waves respectively, although the pancakes in this region show no clear evolution as a function of time.
Colorado’s own Magic Beans have announced their seventh-annual Beanstalk Music & Mountains Festival at Bond, Colorado’s Rancho Del Rio, set to take place on June 27th–29th, 2019.The three-day event has surely solidified itself as one of Colorado’s premier music and camping festivals, with tubing and other water-related activities on the beautiful Colorado River easily accessible throughout the weekend. In addition to a consistently stellar lineup and morning yoga offerings, Beanstalk’s prime location along the banks of the Colorado River allows attendees to enjoy the outdoors—including hiking, hot springs, cliff jumping, ATVing, and world-class mountain biking—before the music starts in the mid-afternoon.Last year’s Beanstalk offered a stacked lineup of nationally renowned and regional acts, as well as a super-jam comprised of some of the jam scene’s veteran all-stars. In addition to Magic Beans’ host sets and the annual “Beanstalk All-Star Superjam” with Marc Brownstein and Aron Magner of The Disco Biscuits, Dave Watts of The Motet, Matt Jalbert of TAUK, and more, last year, Beanstalk curated a lineup featuring headliners Horseshoes & Hand Grenades and Aqueous in addition to Octave Cat, a side project featuring Jesse Miller of Lotus, Eli Winderman of Dopapod, and Charlie Patierno; Ghost Light, featuring Holly Bowling and Tom Hamilton; Cory Wong of Vulfpeck; and Eminence Ensemble. Jam scene favorites Mungion, Cycles, lespecial (an original set and a “lespecial Does Primus” set), Amoramora, Yak Attack, and The Jauntee, also performed throughout the three-day festival.100 “Early Bean” tickets for 2019’s Beanstalk Music & Mountains Festival are available here at a discounted rate. For more information on Beanstalk 2019, ticketing, and the upcoming lineup announcement, head to the festival’s website here.
This is second in a series of stories about Harvard’s engagement in Latin America.When Nathan Black considers the potential global consequences of climate change, one thing he sees is war.Black, the French Environmental Fellow at the Harvard University Center for the Environment, is spending two years investigating the connection between changing agricultural conditions — specifically the supply of agricultural land — and civil war.He is examining the cases of two nations, Haiti and Mexico, where shifts in the supply of agricultural land sparked violent conflict. He is also looking at Uruguay, which avoided conflict despite similar conditions in the late 1980s and early 1990s, to understand how violence was averted.“What I’m looking at is, ‘What did Uruguay do that Haiti and Mexico failed to do?’” Black said. “What is the playbook?”Black, who earned a bachelor’s degree from Rice University and a doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, became interested in conflict as a field of study as an undergraduate, but focused on interstate conflict. When he entered MIT for his doctoral work, a colleague’s investigation of civil wars piqued his curiosity.Far less has been written about civil conflict than clashing nations, he said, which leaves many interesting questions still to be answered. His doctoral dissertation was about developing civil conflicts spilling across borders. He also began thinking about his current topic, and in 2010 published an article on how changes in the supply of arable land can fuel civil war. Black was a pre-doctoral fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs before graduating from MIT in 2012.“I think my own research suggests that on average, as arable land supplies decrease due to climate change, we should see more violent civil conflicts,” he said.Kenneth Oye, an associate professor at MIT and director of its Center for International Studies, said Black’s work is unusual in that it not only examines a potential problem stemming from climate change, but also seeks practical approaches to resolve it.“He’s an unusual guy because his commitment to tackling central issues that are of policy relevance has been with him from the beginning,” Oye said.Climate is not a clear factor in the cases Black is studying, but lessons on the consequences of changes to the land supply — whatever the source — should still apply. In Haiti, poor agricultural practices degraded land, a situation exacerbated by corruption that diverted needed aid. In Mexico’s Chiapas region, government inaction on reform left land-poor peasants to watch elites buy up more land.The rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns expected by scientists in coming decades could accelerate desertification and take land that is currently used for agriculture — particularly in Africa and Latin America — out of production. Shifting precipitation patterns could also mean too much rain in some places, leading to crop failures.“Some places will benefit from climate change. Unfortunately, most places [negatively] affected by climate change are also susceptible to violent civil conflict,” Black said.The loss of livelihood from the land can prove ruinous for subsistence farmers and, by extension, the government, Black said. His studies of Haiti during the dictatorial reign of Jean-Claude Duvalier in the 1970s and 1980s showed that the degradation of agricultural land stemmed from widespread cutting of trees for firewood, coupled with a lack of improvements in irrigation and crop variety. The agricultural decline led to the migration of many young men with little money and fewer prospects to the cities, all too ready to join the unrest that followed Duvalier’s exit in 1986.Black traveled to Haiti in January and interviewed two of Duvalier’s agriculture ministers, the current director of the land reform effort, and a group of peasant organizers. He also sought to interview Duvalier himself, who returned to Haiti in 2011 after 15 years in exile, but received no response.Black is about halfway through his research, which he plans to publish in a book. Before that, though, he has work to complete in Chiapas, where land grabs by politically connected elites fed the Zapatista movement of the 1990s. The movement, which burst forth as an armed struggle in 1994 and was put down by the Mexican military, has since embraced nonviolent means of change.Black has completed much of the background work on Uruguay and plans to visit this month to speak with two former presidents, Julio Sanguinetti, who served from 1985 until 1990 and again from 1995 until 2000, and Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, who served from 2000 to 2005. Also on his list are a former vice president and a former agriculture minister.The problems in Uruguay in the 1970s and 1980s were somewhat different than those in Haiti and Mexico. Much of its population was already urbanized, so the danger was that agriculture-related shocks would send the economy into a tailspin, creating a pool of potential recruits for rebel groups.The country’s agricultural economy is dominated by ranching, with beef its largest export. With the market flagging, leaders took two big steps to improve it, initiating reforms that began in the 1960s and stretched through the 1980s, Black said.First, they invested in a vaccine for foot and mouth disease, which allowed the country to eradicate the disease in 1993 and again when it recurred in 2000. By eradicating foot and mouth, the nation’s beef exports gained or maintained access to U.S. and European markets, larger and with steadier demand than South American nations.The second thing the government did was invest in seeds for better pasturage, which increased the number of cattle that could be grazed on an acre of land.So far, Black said, the main lesson to emerge from his research is that governments should bypass quick fixes and instead invest in long-term improvements in the agriculture sector, making it more resilient.“I hope the book will be a call to action to developing state governments and the developed nations that support them to make serious and sustained investment in the agriculture sector,” Black said. “You can’t just flip a switch and change agricultural technology.”
The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. ‘Surveillance is the business model of the internet,’ Berkman and Belfer fellow says Related First as candidate and now as president, his word choices and stances are regularly directed at the worried working class, professor says Trump’s language, unseemly to critics, reassures his base GAZETTE: Have the frauds and scams of today changed much from 20 or 50 years ago?KONNIKOVA: No, just the format. Nothing has changed. Just the trappings.GAZETTE: How much is the “fear of missing out” a factor when victims fall for these too-good-to-be-true scams, like the Fyre Festival?KONNIKOVA: That’s always the case. Think about investment frauds: “If you don’t do this right now, someone else is going to get rich and you’re not.” Think about the Gold Rush. Think about scarcity frauds where you say, “If you don’t get in on this deal right now, we’re going to run out. We only have 10 of these.” That’s all driven by fear of missing out but it’s amplified, obviously, on social media. So yes, that’s definitely a factor.It’s really tempting to say social media has changed everything or to say that all of a sudden there’s been this seismic shift. And that’s just not true. That’s the easy way to frame it. A better way to understand it is the toolbox has expanded with every single new technology. And it will keep expanding and it will keep shifting, but the general game will remain the same. And the fear of missing out has always remained. That’s a part of humanity.GAZETTE: Are there any recent scams or con artists that have intrigued you? The Anna Delvey “Soho Grifter” scheme was such a fascinating story …KONNIKOVA: It was a very well-told story, but the con happens over and over and over. It’s actually one of the most classic cons because people want to be close to aristocracy and wealth and power. And she, very cleverly, homed in on exactly what people wanted.I think the most despicable con artist [lately] is Elizabeth Holmes because she’s screwing with people’s lives. She was selling a technology she knew did not work, but that people were relying on for blood work. That is just unconscionable to me. But she was incredibly successful. She’s the one who stands out the most because it was very clear from the very beginning that what she was doing was not going to work. She was told as much, and rather than get the scientific education that was necessary, she dropped out of Stanford and ran a big con.GAZETTE: Why are we so fascinated by scoundrels?KONNIKOVA: Because they’re clever and we admire cleverness. It’s cool to see the story and be like, “Ha, ha! Look at how this person tricked them.” It’s not violent. We don’t usually see it as a violent crime. There’s no blood, no one was killed. And so it’s very easy to say, “This was just one person being smarter than the other and it’s a battle of wits.” We also forget the victims. We don’t even call them victims; we blame the victims. We say, “How could you have been so stupid?” It’s almost like it’s a victimless crime even though it’s not.GAZETTE: What’s your advice for trying to avoid being an easy mark?KONNIKOVA: Do not accept friend requests from anyone you don’t know. Never share anything personal, do not tell us how you’re feeling, especially if you’re down. Do not tell us when you’re going through a divorce or a death. I know it’s really nice to have a lot of social media support, but that’s a con artist’s bread and butter. Be careful. And if you don’t know someone in person and know exactly who they are, do not connect with them on social media, because that’s how you get credibility. Con artists just need a few people to accept them as friends and all of a sudden, they’re in the network and then people say, “Oh, you know X and Y, you must be decent.” And they also see more information about you.This interview was edited for length and clarity. On internet privacy, be very afraid Not a single human being sees the world objectively. We have all sorts of self-serving biases. Con artists understand what yours are, they’re able to figure that out, and then that’s what they use in order to sell you their con. And because it’s a story, it gets you emotionally engaged. The moment you’re emotional, you’re no longer logical, you’re no longer rational. And the moment the con artist is able to engage you emotionally, the con artist has won because you’re already roped in, you’re already part of the story and it’s going to be really hard for you, if not impossible, to disengage. So: Storytelling to engage emotion, to create a link, to create rapport. That’s the way all cons, with different variations on that theme, will operate to ultimately sell you your vision of the world that you already believe in.The reason that cons are successful has nothing to do with intelligence, nothing to do with integrity, nothing to do with anything other than a very basic human tendency to hope and to be optimistic and to think that tomorrow is going to be better than today was. Con artists prey on hope. So it’s great that con artists exist because that means we’re still hoping and we’re still willing to believe. The moment con artists stop existing is the moment humanity dies.GAZETTE: Do con artists share a common psychological profile or core makeup?KONNIKOVA: Yes. Not all con artists have all of these traits, and you can have those traits and not be a con artist. But there’s something called the dark triad: psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. Out of those three, psychopathy is the most rare in the population and the most rare among con artists. It’s rare to find a true psychopath. People overuse that term. In general, psychopaths are about 2 to 3 percent of the population.Now, narcissism and Machiavellianism: I think most con artists have those two. If you had to rank them, Machiavellianism, every con artist has. You can’t be a con artist without Machiavellianism because that’s the persuasion element. That’s being able to persuade someone to do what you want them to do without their being aware of it. They think it’s their own idea. If you’re going to be a successful con artist, you have to be good at that. That’s basically a requirement.Narcissism is incredibly common because that’s how you’re able to justify to yourself a lot of what you do. Narcissism isn’t just an over-inflated ego or sense of self; it’s also, at its core, about entitlement. You feel entitled to all of these things because you’re so wonderful. That’s how a lot of con artists justify the crap that they pull on other people. They say “I’m totally justified in doing this because I deserve it more than you.” It enables them to cut sympathy out of the equation even if they’re not a psychopath. You don’t need to be a psychopath to not feel any sympathy for your victims.GAZETTE: Are there more instances of elaborate frauds and scams these days or does it just seem like there are because of social media?KONNIKOVA: It just seems like it because of social media. People are drawing more attention to it. Cons have always existed; they will always exist. Social media lowers the barrier of entry. I think there are more small-time cons because it’s become easier, but overall, there’s nothing, to me, that says there’s a rise in big cons right now. We’ve become more susceptible and you don’t have to be quite as good to be a con artist. The bad ones are the ones getting caught. The truly good ones, the ones we don’t know about because they’ve never gotten caught, those people were able to operate without technology. Now, there’s just more small fish who are able to do things that they wouldn’t have been able to do before because they weren’t talented enough. Social media makes it so much easier both in terms of crafting a false persona and also in terms of finding victims because we are just so incredibly stupid about what we share online. The IRS has long dubbed the weeks leading up to the mid-April tax filing deadline “scam season” because of the predictable uptick of schemes and tricks designed to part the unsuspecting from their money.But lately, in addition to the usual political charlatans and business cheats, a clutch of cons and scams tailor-made for social media has leapt off the pages of police blotters and captivated popular culture. Everywhere you look, TV documentaries, books, magazines, and podcasts have stories about cons. Scams and cons are definitely having a moment. Some of the most talked about:Anna Sorokin, known as “The Soho Grifter,” allegedly swanned around the Manhattan party circuit for two years posing as Anna Delvey, a wealthy German heiress, conning an array of hipsters, trendy hotels and boutiques, and international banks out of $275,000 before her arrest in late 2017. Sorokin’s trial on multiple grand larceny charges began in New York in late March. Star showrunner Shonda Rhimes is developing a Netflix series based on her story.Theranos, the blood-testing startup founded by Elizabeth Holmes, was sold to Silicon Valley venture capitalists, star board members like Gen. James Mattis and Henry Kissinger, and top pharmaceutical firms as developing the “iPod of health care.” Despite the product’s ongoing failures, Theranos was valued at $10 billion in 2014; by June 2018, it was shuttered and Holmes was charged with running a multimillion-dollar scheme to defraud investors, doctors, and patients. An HBO documentary recently aired, and a film starring Jennifer Lawrence is reportedly in the works.Two recent documentaries, on Hulu and Netflix, chronicled the immolation of the Fyre Festival, an Instagram-curated mirage that bilked ticket-holders out of millions for a luxury music festival in the Bahamas that never happened. The festival organizer was convicted of federal wire fraud and sentenced to six years in prison.Psychologist Maria Konnikova ’05 details the psychology of con artists and the techniques at work in con games in her book “The Confidence Game” (2016). She spoke with the Gazette about what makes cons work, how social media is affecting scam artists, and why we’re so obsessed with stories about scams.Q&AMaria KonnikovaGAZETTE: In David Maurer’s classic 1940 book, “The Big Con,” he says confidence games are effective because they prey upon weaknesses in human nature, and that what makes someone an ideal victim or “mark” is not their level of intelligence, but their integrity. How do the most successful cons work psychologically, and is it the same for everyone?KONNIKOVA: Every single con, no matter what the con is, has the same backbone. You have to tell a story. Con artists, at the end of the day, are confident storytellers. They’re the best storytellers in the world, the good ones. They tell us the stories that we want to hear, not the stories that are true. But we believe them because it’s what we already think is true and the way that we already see the world. “The moment con artists stop existing is the moment humanity dies.”
Seventeen students representing nine schools across Harvard convened with one common goal: to combine their diverse expertise to tackle the biggest issues in tech today. The students, from both undergraduate and graduate programs, composed the first cohort of the Assembly Student Fellowship, which formally launched in fall of 2018 under the inaugural title “Techtopia.”The Assembly Student Fellowship is one of three tracks within the Assembly program based at Harvard’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society. The Student Fellowship facilitates interdisciplinary dialogue between Harvard faculty and students, and is further supported by a community of almost 50 faculty, staff, and fellows from around the University, including from the HBS Digital Initiative, Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics and the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy. The Assembly Student Fellowship “is breaking silos and building a community that Harvard had not seen before,” wrote Irene Solaiman, a Master in Public Policy candidate at the Harvard Kennedy School and a member of the cohort. “It not only brings together thought leaders who are dedicated to approaching issues rising from digital technologies, but also promotes multidisciplinary solutions.”In Spring 2019, students worked on hands-on projects advised by faculty from across the University, ranging from an art installation exploring how emotion-detection AI and affective computing might change our relationship with society and technology, a browser plug-in to make privacy and data literacy more accessible to communities online, and a policy playbook to help local governments procure automated decision-making technologies responsibly. Learn more and apply to the Assembly Student FellowshipThis year’s Assembly Student Fellowship is focused on exploring disinformation in the digital public sphere from a cybersecurity perspective. It is part of the broader Assembly: Disinformation program, which includes three tracks: the Assembly Student Fellowship, Assembly Fellowship for professionals, and Assembly Forum for expert discussion. The Student Fellowship is open to Harvard undergraduate and graduate students from all disciplines and schools. Student Fellows will regularly convene for problem-solving seminars and collaborate on student-led projects that tackle real-world disinformation problems. More information about this year’s Assembly Student Fellowship and the application can be found on the program’s website.