Chelsea Ladies have added another international to their squad, this time signing South Korea’s Ji So-Yun.The 22-year-old attacking midfielder, who has represented her country 55 times and scored 26 goals having made her debut aged just 15, has agreed a two-year deal with manager Emma Hayes’ side.Ji joins the club from Japanese league and cup holders INAC Kobe Leonessa, who defeated Chelsea Ladies in the final of December’s International Women’s Club Championship in Tokyo.Emma Hayes’ squad has been strengthened.The three-time Korean Footballer of the Year is Hayes’ fifth signing this winter, having already added England quartet Rachel Williams, Laura Bassett, Gilly Flaherty and Katie Chapman to her squad for this year’s WSL, which gets underway in April.“What a fantastic signing for the club,’”said Hayes. “I believe she is one of the best midfielders in the world and our fans will love her.”Ji, who will become the first Korean woman to play in the WSL, added: “I am glad to be joining Chelsea Ladies and look forward to the new challenge of playing football in Europe.“I will get myself in gear to become an integral player for my team and to lead Chelsea to the highest possible levels.“I hope many fans will be greatly interested in our team and my activities. I will always do my best for our club and Chelsea fans.”See also:Chelsea Ladies snap up Dutch midfielderFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
It’s not always easy to prove that things are very, very old. After all, no one has ever experienced deep time (millions and billions of years). The key is to maintain a public “feeling” in the oldness of things. Once that feeling is in place, some pretty major tweaks can be made by the experts without upsetting the deep-time framework.Establish then revise: The age of the earth is usually printed to four significant figures (4.537 billion years), but physicists just decided it’s 70 million years younger than it was. PhysOrg announced that an international team decided to revise the date. “The results suggest that the length of time between the date at which the solar system was formed, about 4.567 billion years ago, and the point at which the Earth reached its present size, may have been far longer than traditionally presumed.” Stretching out the earth’s time in the womb makes the birth come later: “We estimate that makes it about 4.467 billion years old – a mere youngster compared with the 4.537 billion-year-old planet we had previously imagined,” where imagined is the operative word. 3 of the 4 significant figures have been modified by this move. Significant figures are supposed to represent levels of accuracy beyond the margin of error.Put the catastrophe in the deep time vault: The process that brought diamonds to the surface is nearly instantaneous (05/07/2007) – but it isn’t happening today. Live Science quoted a scientist who said that diamonds appear on the surface of the earth through explosive volcanic eruptions that create kimberlite dikes. “No one has ever seen a kimberlite erupt – the most recent took place about 40 million years ago, said study author Kevin Burke, a geologist at the University of Houston.” Gloss over conundrums: Cycads ruled the earth since 300 million years ago, claims Science Daily, but all of a sudden in our lifetimes they “are rapidly going extinct because of invasive pests and habitat loss, especially those species endemic to islands.” Were there none of these threats before in 300 million years?Just say old: Asteroid Lutetia was photographed by the Rosetta spacecraft last Saturday. Right off the bat, Space.com led with the headline, “Battered Asteroid a Survivor From Solar System’s Birth.” All that could be measured was rock composition, density, and surface topography, but Space.com was sure Lutetia is a “primitive asteroid survivor from the tumultuous birth of the solar system,” with “landscape that hints at the space rock’s ancient, violent past.” There was no suggestion that tumults or violence occur these days. Holgier Sierks from the imaging team made what he thinks a statement of fact: “I think this is a very old object,” he said. “Tonight we have seen a remnant of the solar system’s creation.”Rearrange the deck chairs: In the old story of human migration out of Africa, our ancestors tended to congregate around the equatorial latitudes to avoid the ice ages. Well, what do you know: PhysOrg now says that early man conquered the British Isles 800,000 years ago, “far earlier than previously thought.” This is based on stone tools found in East Anglia, home of the Climategate university. Such evidence is no threat to the evolutionary timeline; the adjustments to earlier beliefs are made elsewhere, such as in resiliency of the early human physiology. “This challenges our views that early humans spread only during periods of exceptional warmth,” one archaeologist explained. “Instead, the new evidence demonstrates that early humans were capable of adapting their behaviour as the world changed around them.” Agriculture, written language and cities would have to wait 790,000 more years.Suspend credulity: PhysOrg announced that a 10,000 year old weapon just appeared in melting snow. The discoverer did not explain why the snow didn’t melt for all that time before, but admitted, “Ninety-five percent of the archaeological record that we usually base our interpretations on is comprised of chip stone artifacts, ground stone artifacts, maybe old hearths, which is a fire pit, or rock rings that would have been used to stabilize a house,” Craig Lee [U of Colorado] said. “So we really have to base our understanding about ancient times on these inorganic materials.” The article said that once artifacts like the wooden weapon melt out of the ice, they could be lost forever, so he was really lucky to find this after 10,000 years.Stretch the fast and furious: Geology can be “fast and furious,” reported PhysOrg, but the results still take deep time. We can “Witness the birth of Africa’s new ocean” in Ethiopia happening under geologists’ feet, but don’t bring your beach towel just yet. “Scientists at the University of Leeds are predicting that within 10 million years Africa’s Horn will fall away and a new ocean will form.” Of course, by then, they will all be dead and unavailable for falsification charges. See 11/04/2009, 12/09/2005, and 09/19/2007.These recent examples reveal that scientists reserve the right to maintain a great deal of flexibility for moving dates around within the framework. The framework itself, however, is never questioned.Thomas Kuhn was right. The science community works happily within the paradigm. The paradigm is not open to debate. In Kuhnian science, anomalies are supposed to pile up to the point where mavericks question the paradigm (e.g., 08/07/2009, 04/17/2009, 04/02/2009, 03/09/2009, 12/02/2008, 11/12/2008 and many more examples under “Dating Methods”). The intellectual capital invested in the deep-time paradigm, however, is so huge, and the ramifications of a concession to the despised creationists so distasteful, that exceptional efforts are made to maintain the paradigm in spite of anomalies (07/02/2007, 11/26/2007, 07/25/2008). Much of that effort is devoted to simple declarative statements that things are old, repeated often enough so that the public rests in the aura of deep time. That way, the unfathomable antiquity of the world is, after sufficient indoctrination, intuitively obvious.(Visited 13 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Fort Recovery Greenhand MembersThe Fort Recovery FFA Chapter held its Greenhand FFA Degree Ceremony during January regularly scheduled monthly chapter meeting. The Greenhand FFA Degree was awarded to 37 first-year members enrolled in an Agricultural class. The Greenhand FFA Degree is the 1st degree that an FFA member can receive and requires members to demonstrate knowledge of FFA history, the FFA Creed, FFA motto, as well as have satisfactory plans for a Supervised Agricultural Experience Program.The Fort Recovery FFA program continues to be a very popular program for many, boasting 129 in total membership. Fort Recovery FFA members learn about the vast agricultural industry to include animal, plant, and soil sciences, leadership and communication skills, business, technology, and engineering, as well as woodworking and metal working shop skills that allow students to gain knowledge and confidence while taking pride in their work.This year’s recipients include freshmen Jacob Acheson, Morgan Alt, Cole Bergman, Kayla Briner, Jay Brown, Riley Dilworth, Claire Evers, Garret Faller, Kurt Fisher, Michael Fritz, Jon Green, Ian Homan, Mitchell Huntsman, Claudia Jones, Kenzie Kaiser, Eli Keller, Luke Klingshirn, Brooke Knapke, John Knapke, Troy Kunk, Caleb Lennartz, Walker Leuthold, Ramsey Leverette, Katelin O’Connor, Riley Pearson, Riley Post, Mitchell Pugh, Dylan Ranly, Cole Schmitt, Jason Siefring, Rachel Thien, Jared Timmerman, Kegan Timmerman, Paige Timmerman, Derek Wendel, Lydia Wenning, and Evan Westgerdes.All degree recipients were awarded their bronze Greenhand FFA pin to wear on their FFA jackets. The members will also be recognized at the annual FFA banquet in April. The Fort Recovery FFA Chapter would like to congratulate this year’s Greenhands and encourage them to continue to succeed as FFA members.
A New York City supplier of building materials for high-performance and Passive House buildings is developing a new series of free electronic books for builders and designers. Eventually the e-books will explore nine different types of building enclosures. The company, 475 High Performance Building Supply, is basing its “Smart Enclosure” series on the pressing need to control carbon dioxide emissions and keep atmospheric concentrations of CO2 in check. As 475’s chief operating officer Ken Levenson explained in a telephone call, the initiative builds on an e-book series that the company rolled out several years ago. “We’re regrouping and rebooting to version 2.0,” he said. “It’s the ‘new and improved,’ with a broader context.” Levenson, lead author on the project, said that the material would encompass a greater number of building types than the original e-book series and eventually offer a comprehensive library for buildings and designers. “Our thought is that this is going to be kind of a mini-encyclopedic approach to building assemblies,” he said.RELATED ARTICLESBooks for Homeowners Interested in Saving EnergyBaby Steps on the Path to High-Performance HomesCan a High-Performance House be Livable, Too?The Four Keys to a High-Performance Home475 Building Supply Releases a Third e-Book Guiding principles and levels of performance The company has long advocated building assemblies that minimize both spray foam and rigid foam insulation, so its list of guiding principles won’t raise many eyebrows. It includes: Lower embodied carbon and greater carbon sequestration. Lower toxicity. More natural materials. Vapor, air, and thermal control. Durability of 100 years plus. The initiative also proposes a three-tiered approach to building performance, all of them promising more energy efficiency and lower toxicity than industry standards. Four-Seven-Five calls them modified default, simplified and improved, and optimized performance. “The Three Tiers are not precise demarcations of success,” the website explains. “Rather they indicate the direction of improvement relative to the other tiers and to the typical industry approach we describe as the Industry Standard High-Performance Default.” For example, the section on wood-frame construction begins with a description of the “high-performance default”: spray foam cavity insulation, OSB sheathing, a weather-resistive barrier, exterior foam board and siding over a vented rain screen. Four-Seven-Five’s Tier 1 modified version substitutes wood fiber or wool cavity insulation in place of the foam, and adds a continuous layer of wood fiberboard insulation on the exterior instead of rigid foam. Tier 2 and Tier 3 assemblies would substitute diagonal structural strapping for sheathing, add an interior service cavity, and place continuous wood fiberboard in different thicknesses over the studs. Levenson said that designers and builders could adapt and modify the assemblies to meet their specific needs. Levenson said there is ample in-house expertise to vet the recommendations the books make. “We don’t feel like we’re out on a ledge,” he said, adding that when the project gets to straw bale or mass timber construction, the group would probably have to ask a lot more questions and seek input from others. Helping business is part of the plan Four-Seven-Five’s e-book series is reminiscent of the online Best Practices Manual offered by Hammer & Hand, a high-performance builder in the Pacific Northwest. It, too, is available to anyone who wants to download it. But while Hammer & Hand is a general contractor that wanted to offer field guidance to its own carpenters, the 475 project comes from a retailer of building materials, many of which are promoted in its guide. “We’re a business,” Levenson said. “This is a vehicle to sell products. I kind of joked that this is really about elevating Gutex, which we think is a fantastic material. If every building could be built with Gutex fiberboard insulation, the world would be a better place, right? “But the fact of the matter is that we went into this business because we were freaking out about climate change,” he continued, “and because we saw Passive House as part of that solution.” (Levenson, a registered architect, is a board member of New York Passive House and secretary of the North American Passive House Network.) While the books will help the company get bigger by selling more products, Levenson said, it’s also aimed at spreading the word about best building practices. “We’d be the first to say that if you want a third-party discussion, that’s not this e-book per se,” he said, “but we do think they stand on their own.” Rolled out in stages The series eventually will encompass nine types of enclosures: masonry retrofit, wood retrofit, 2x framing, I-joist outrigger, double-stud, mass timber, straw bale, metal frame, and concrete. For now, only the masonry retrofit section is complete, while some parts of the wood retrofit and 2x framing also have been posted. Each section will include construction photography and a video library. Users can download free CAD files and edit them for their own use. At the present rate, the company could post one section per month, and building out the rest of the series could come as quickly as six months. Printed versions of the same books could follow as early as January.
Today we’re going to look at Accusonus’s ERA 4 Pro bundle and discuss how it operates within Resolve, focusing specifically on noise removal.As a solo filmmaker, I do my best to steer away from audio noise removal, as I’m never able to produce adequate results. As a result, I end up with a limited setup. Without a boom operator, I’m forced to tighten shots, keeping the mic in close to pick up that pleasing audio.However, I’m still prone to mistakes. In my recent short film (linked below), I made a slight…hiccup, should we say.Hopefully, you shouldn’t notice the issue (although I still can). But, upon recording the scene with the actress, I was misreading my audio levels. We’ll blame my incompetence on bright sunlight, lack of coffee, and filming in a rush before the car park filled with beachgoers. In doing so, I accidentally had my headphone level up and audio gain decreased. As such, it sounded like the actress was more than audible. But, if I had correctly checked the levels, I’d have noticed the gain was inherently low. Her voice levels recorded at around -30db. As a result, I needed to increase the volume in post, which also increased the noise — primarily that of the road and the windy tree.One of the primary aspects veering me away from any form of post-audio processing is that, well, I’m not that versed in advanced elements of audio processing. Give me a noisy image, and I’ll have those blacks rendered noiseless in a few minutes. Audio needs fixing? How about we crank up the soundtrack for this scene.ERA 4 OperationsI got my hands on the ERA 4 Pro bundle from Accusonus. So, we’re going to look at how it operates within Resolve, but specifically the noise removal. Of course, a few years back, Resolve added the Fairlight page. It’s a dedicated audio page that also came with its fair share of audio tools. However, if new users think the edit page has a steep learning curve, the Fairlight page is a different creature. While you can still add Fairlight plugins on the edit page, the controls are daunting for someone who isn’t versed in audio tools. ERA 4 looks to solve that with a simplistic approach to the design of the plugins and how the controls operate.They say,Say hi to the ERA Bundle Pro 4! Multi-patented, next-generation audio repair tools that offer both fast and high-quality processing. As a professional in post and music production, you deal with impossible deadlines. Our smart tools will help you save tons of studio time by doing most of the work for you. Get access to the fastest repair technology for complex audio issues.We’ve already covered a full breakdown of all the tools within the ERA 4 bundle for Premiere Pro — reviewed by Charles Yeager — and you can find that here. In Charles’s review, you can hear clear examples of every tool found within the ERA 4 bundle and how they perform. I think it’d be somewhat redundant to do another review in Resolve, because it performs exactly the same and looks the same as in Premiere. We’d essentially be reviewing the same beer but in a different restaurant.Instead, I want to look at how Resolve’s built-in DeNoiser compares to ERA 4’s in the level of simplicity.DeNoiser: Resolve vs. ERA 4This is the audio clip with nothing but a gain increase of 16db.Audio Playerhttps://s3.amazonaws.com/pbblogassets/uploads/2019/11/26053505/Audio-Poor-Quality.wav00:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.The audio would have worked if this scene was of an actress on a park bench. But, she’s inside the car with all the windows up, so it’s a little too noisy.You can apply both effects on the edit page by opening the effects library and scrolling down to the Audio FX panel. You’ll find Resolve’s built-in Noise Reduction under FairlightFX, whereas the ERA 4’s Noise Remover will be under VST Effects. Resolve’s DeNoiser isn’t bad at all. It’s great! It is, after all, a Fairlight VST. It’s just not very new user-friendly. When added to your audio clip, here’s how it looks. (Side note, you can get this pop-up box to open again by finding the effect in the inspector panel.)The graph provides a spectral analysis of the intended auto.We have a visual pop-up, If you tend to stray away from audio-based UIs, this can look like the operation controls to the Millennium Falcon. So, let’s break it down. The graph shows a spectral analysis of the audio being targeted — the purple/pink line represents the noise being focused.Underneath, the settings are divided into three sections: detection, soothing, and output.The threshold relates to the signal-to-noise ratio. Audio with a weak audio signal will require a higher threshold value.The attack is a setting primarily used in auto speech mode, and will control the duration in which the noise profile is analyzed.Sensitivity affects the value of the detected noise profile. Higher sensitivity means more noise is removed, but also more damaging to the audio needed to be kept.Ratio controls the attack time of the signal profile.The frequency smoothing will smooth the signal to compensate for harmonic ringing in the audio, after the noise has been removed.Dry/Wet controls the output mix of “dry” (or original signal) to “wet” (or processed signal).Makeup Gain is the tool you can use to compensate for the audio level that may be lost due to the noise reduction operation.There are also built-in presents based on various factors, and you can toggle to listen to the noise only.Again, it’s a great tool. Audio itself is anything but simple and requires just as much work as the visual. For new editors — or those slightly outside of the audio realm — it’s somewhat complicated. You can get excellent results, but quite like balancing a gimbal, it takes a lot of precision-balancing with the tuning knobs.This is the result.Audio Playerhttps://s3.amazonaws.com/pbblogassets/uploads/2019/11/26054510/Resolve-Fixed.wav00:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.ERA 4 Noise RemoverConversely, the ERA 4 Noise Remover ultimately simplifies the process while maintaining a high level of noise reduction.The ERA 4 Noise Remover will appear as a one-knob pop-up UI when you add it to an audio clip. It’s simplistic and automated. As stated by Accusonus,Most of the time, you don’t have to do anything else. Just dial in the amount of processing you want, and you’re done! But, is it as simple as that?The processing knob allows you to alter frequencies.Honestly? Yes.The value of the processing ranges from 0 to 100 percent, and the only task the user needs to do is refine that amount. However, underneath the processing knob is a selection of processing frequencies you can use to fine-tune the noise removal. For example, if the noise is the low rumble of vehicles from a distant road, select the low-frequency focus. An annoying hiss? Select the high-frequency focus. Alternatively, if the noise in your clip is the discrete but noticeable hum of an AC unit, hit the power icon.I usually love to demystify tools that “does exactly what it says on the tin” because, often, they don’t. However, the ERA 4 Noise Remover does precisely what it professes to. I’d love to know how, but they state that,Based on the multi-patented Accusonus noise suppression algorithms, Noise Remover simply works and allows for efficient removal of the most common noise sources.So, perhaps it’s a tightly guarded secret. While the bundle does come with a cost, it certainly jumps straight over the complexity of Resolve’s Noise Remover.This is the clip with ERA 4’s Noise Remover.Audio Playerhttps://s3.amazonaws.com/pbblogassets/uploads/2019/11/26054024/ERA-Fixed.wav00:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.I’d argue that the ERA 4 Noise Remover is a lot cleaner than Resolve’s. Resolve sounds like it removed a little too much high-frequency signal from the actress’s voice. Again, I would presume that it’s possible to get this level of noise removal from Resolve, you just need a better understanding of the audio workflow and interface. For those, like myself, who are not versed in this practice, the ERA plug-in is a great alternative.Now, to remove that distracting clicking noise. The road never ends.Cover image via Accusonus.Looking for more pre- and post-production tips? Check these out.A Guide to Structuring Your Scripts and ScreenplaysAn Introduction to Creating Great Video ThumbnailsThe Top 3 Ways to Shoot Vertical Video of Your Film ProjectThe Pros and Cons of Forming a Production CompanyThe Rise of TikTok and What It Means for Digital Video Producers
Senior Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) leader and ex-Sikkim Governor Shriniwas Patil will take on ex-NCP MP and the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party’s candidate, Udayanraje Bhosale, in the Satara Lok Sabha bypoll to be held along with the Assembly elections in Maharashtra on October 21.Mr. Patil, a former IAS officer and a close associate of NCP chief Sharad Pawar, staged a show of strength in Satara after filing his nomination on Thursday.Mr. Pawar had earlier urged senior Congressman Prithviraj Chavan to contest the by-election. However, Mr. Chavan, the sitting MLA of Karad South (in Satara) had declined, preferring instead to focus on the Assembly elections.Mr. Patil has been elected MP twice, in 1999 and 2004, from the erstwhile Karad Lok Sabha constituency in Satara before its delimitation ahead of the 2009 polls.Political equations have changed overnight in Satara, which was completely dominated by the NCP before this year’s Lok Sabha polls after the defections of both royals — Shivendrasinh Bhosale, the former NCP MLA from Satara and Udayanraje Bhosale, the ex-NCP MP from Satara Lok Sabha constituency — to the ruling BJP.The NCP currently holds three of the six Assembly segments in Satara — Koregaon (Shashikant Shinde), Wai (Makarand Patil) and Karad North (Balasaheb Patil) — while Mr. Chavan holds the Karad South seat, the sole Congress borough in the district.Mr. Chavan, a former Maharashtra Chief Minister, too filed his nomination on Thursday, accompanied by Mr. Patil and other supporters. He is pitted against the BJP’s Atul Bhosale, who staged a spectacular show of strength in Karad before filing his nomination.“Our aim is to weed out the BJP’s socially divisive policies. Karad has been the wellspring of progressive thought. I am confident that the people here will reject the regressive ideology of the current government in the upcoming elections,” Mr. Chavan said.