Two new strains to be used in 2006-07 flu vaccine

first_imgMar 1, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Global and US health authorities have recommended two new influenza virus strains for use in the flu vaccine for the 2006-07 season.Last week the US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) selected a “Wisconsin” strain of influenza A(H3N2) and a “Malaysia” strain of influenza B for next season. They will replace a “California” strain of H3N2 and a “Shanghai” strain of influenza B used in the current vaccine.The “New Caledonia” strain of influenza A(H1N1) virus used in this year’s vaccine should be used again next season as the third component of the trivalent vaccine, the ACIP said. (The strain’s full name is A/New Caledonia/20/99[H1N1].)The ACIP, which advises the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), followed recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in picking the strains. The CDC routinely follows the ACIP recommendations on flu vaccines.Each February the WHO assesses the flu virus strains in circulation before picking the strains for the next Northern Hemisphere flu season. In a Feb 14 report on its recommendation concerning the H3N2 strain to be used, the WHO said, “Many recent isolates were antigenically similar to the current reference virus, A/California/7/2004, but an increasing proportion of recent viruses was more closely related to A/Wisconsin/67/2005.”Likewise, the WHO said the majority of recent influenza B isolates were similar to the strain B/Malaysia/2506/2004, rather than to the B/Shanghai/361/2002 strain used in this year’s vaccine. The Malaysia strain is antigenically equivalent to B/Ohio/1/2005, according to the CDC.A year ago, health authorities picked only one new strain for the 2005-06 flu vaccine, keeping the other two the same. According to a recent Reuters report, a spokesman for a leading vaccine manufacturer said changing two of the strains in next season’s vaccine may make production less predictable.”It does put more uncertainty into the total number of doses you’re producing at any one time,” Albert Thomas, director of vaccine manufacturing for Sanofi Pasteur, was quoted as saying. His company has been the biggest supplier for the US market in recent years.The strains to include in each season’s vaccine must be chosen early in the year because it takes roughly 6 months to produce the vaccine. The viruses used in vaccines are grown in chicken eggs.The WHO report said global flu activity from October 2005 through January 2006 was low compared with recent years. Several countries had outbreaks of H3N2 influenza, but H1N1 and B viruses caused only scattered cases in most countries, the agency said.See also:Feb 23 CDC news release on ACIP actions, including flu vaccine recommendationhttp://www.cdc.gov/media/pressrel/r060223.htmWHO report on recommendation for 2006-07 vaccinehttp://www.who.int/influenza/vaccines/2007northreport.pdfFeb 17, 2005, CIDRAP News story “FDA approves adding new strain to flu vaccine”last_img read more

Most overnight stays in camps are realized by Germans, followed by Slovenes

first_imgUkupni smještajni kapacitet u hrvatskim kampovima u 2018. je 248.522 osoba u ukupno 785 objekta (kampova), od čega 214 srednje-velikih kampova (7 kampova više od prethodne 2017. godine) te 571 malih kampova (kampirališta, kamp odmorišta, kampova u (seoskom) domaćinstvu i robinzonskih kampova), tj. 77 više od prethodne godine. The full annual occupancy of camps in 2018 is 77,6 days, which is an increase of 2,9% compared to 2017, or 7,5% compared to 2016. U 2018. hrvatski su kampovi ostvarili 19.275.307 noćenja i 2.920.316 dolazaka, što predstavlja porast broja noćenja za 1% i broja dolazaka za 3,5% (u odnosu na prethodnu 2017. godinu), javljaju iz Kamping udruženja Hrvatske ( KUH ) kao zavržni izvještaj za prošlu godinu. By countries of origin, most overnight stays in Croatian camps are realized by Germans with 35% of overnight stays, followed by Slovenes with 15%. In camping, as many as 62,8% of overnight stays were realized in July and August (7% in 8, 2017% in 64,4). Krivulja sezonalnosti kamping noćenja i dalje ukazuje na veoma visoku ovisnost o glavnoj sezoni „sunca i  mora“ i ljetnim školskim praznicima, ističu iz KUH-a, no i naglašavaju kako značaj same špice sezone, 7. i 8. mjeseca, polagano pada iz godine u godinu na račun jačanja ostalih mjeseci te same pred i posezone.center_img Domaći gosti ostvaruju tek 2% noćenja u kampingu RH, te iako je u 2018. ostvaren porast noćenja od 6,3%, postotni udio domaćih noćenja već duži niz godina pada stopom od gotovo 1% godišnje. The number of overnight stays in campsites follows the capacities, and therefore most camping overnight stays are realized in the County of Istria (51%), followed by the County of Primorje-Gorski Kotar (19%) and the County of Zadar (11%). The largest share of camping overnight stays in the total overnight stays of the county is in the County of Istria, where 38% of the total overnight stays in the county are campsites, and Karlovac County, where campsites account for 36% of overnight stays. In the first place in terms of camp occupancy are the camps of Primorje-Gorski Kotar and Istria counties, and the camps of Zagreb County also achieve an excellent result. Camps in northeastern continental Croatia have the worst occupancy, with only 12,4 days of full occupancy per year. Attachment: Tourist traffic and capacities in camps in the Republic of Croatia 2018last_img read more