Experts urge including cats in avian flu precautions

first_imgApr 5, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Growing evidence of H5N1 avian influenza in cats suggests they may play a role in spreading the virus, signaling a need for new precautions, according to a team of medical and veterinary researchers from the Netherlands and Italy.”Cats could be more than a dead-end host for H5N1 virus,” says a commentary article published today in Nature. The authors are Thijs Kuiken, Ron Fouchier, Guus Rimmelzwaan, and Albert Osterhaus of Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam and Peter Roeder of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome.They call for efforts to protect cats from the virus and to test those with possible exposure to it—recommendations that are not included in existing official guidelines for controlling avian flu.Infections in cats were first observed in Thailand in early 2004, the article notes. In one case, 14 cats in a household near Bangkok died of the infection. In addition, tigers and leopards in two Thai zoos died after eating infected chicken carcasses.The researchers point to several other observations indicating that cats “are more than collateral damage in avian flu’s deadly global spread and may play a greater role in the epidemiology of the virus than previously thought.”Fatal infections in cats have become common in Indonesia, Thailand, and Iraq, where the virus is endemic in poultry, they write. Veterinarians in both Indonesia and Iraq have reported a high incidence of sudden death in cats during poultry outbreaks of avian flu.In addition, dead or sick cats infected with H5N1 virus turned up in Germany soon after the virus was detected in wild birds there, the researchers note.They also note that experiments at Erasmus Medical Centre have shown that cats can be infected with the virus by respiratory and gastrointestinal routes and by contact with other infected cats. The infected cats all excreted the virus from the nose, throat, and rectum. It is unknown how long cats can shed the virus or whether they can spread it to humans, poultry, or other species, the article says.Nonetheless, the researchers write that cats “may provide the virus with an opportunity to adapt to efficient transmission within and among mammalian species, including humans, thereby increasing the risk of a human influenza pandemic.”Therefore, despite the uncertainties, official guidelines for controlling the spread of avian flu should consider the potential role of cats, the authors say.”In areas where H5N1 virus has been detected in either poultry or wild birds, we recommend taking steps to prevent contact between cats and infected birds or their droppings, and to quarantine and test cats suspected of such contacts, or cats showing clinical signs suggestive of H5N1 influenza,” the article states. That means keeping cats indoors where possible.They also say that other carnivores, such as dogs, foxes, members of the weasel family, and seals, may be susceptible to the H5N1 virus. Therefore they recommend testing for the virus if unusual illness or death rates occur in such animals in areas where avian flu is endemic.last_img read more

Job Vacancy: SuperValu Donegal Town seeks Experienced Butcher

first_imgJob Vacancy: SuperValu Donegal Town currently have a vacancy for an Experienced Butcher who is highly motivated and can demonstrate excellent customer service with a positive attitude to deliver our ‘Real Food Real People’ brand values.The successful candidate will have the ability to:Lead an established team sales assistants in our meat departmentResponsible for KPI’S such as sales, margin, waste management, pricing and promotional displaysBe committed to maintaining standards of excellenceWork on own initiative and as a team playerThe ideal candidate will have 5 years experience working with fresh meat. A competitive remuneration package will be provided to the successful candidateIf you would like further information in relation to this career opportunity please do not hesitate to contact Garreth on 074 97-22977 To apply, please submit your application in writing to: Human Resource Manager, Supervalu, Donegal TownYou can also email at: gareth.ferry@kavanaghgroup.ieClosing date: 20th February 2018 * Supervalu is an equal opportunities employerJob Vacancy: SuperValu Donegal Town seeks Experienced Butcher was last modified: February 2nd, 2018 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:butcherDonegal TownEmploymentjobSuperValulast_img read more

Coroner demands review of ambulance turnaround times after tragic death

first_imgA coroner has pleaded with the HSE to review their protocols for ambulance turnaround times at hospitals across the country.It comes following an inquest into the death of Co Donegal mother-of-eight Margaret Callaghan who died in the early hours of January 9th, 2018. An inquest at Letterkenny Coroner’s Court heard today how it took an ambulance 71 minutes from Letterkenny University Hospital to reach Mrs Callaghan at her home just two kilometres away.Mrs Callaghan, aged 71, from Bracken Lea at Mountaintop in Letterkenny had only been released from hospital the previous day having undergone a non-emergency bone marrow biopsy.However, her daughter Caoimhe told the court that her mother gradually got worse as the day went on.She was tired and frail and at 5.20am the family called an ambulance as their concerns for their mother increased.They were forced to call the 999 service three times as the ambulance was delayed and the ambulance did not eventually arrive until 6.31am.The paramedics tried to work on Mrs Callaghan but she was later pronounced dead at the scene.The court was told that two ambulances parked at the hospital had been having off-load delay issues because of a capacity issue at the hospital and they could not release their patients into the care of hospital staff.One ambulance was queuing at the hospital for six and a half hours while the other had been there for three and half hours.An ambulance which had been in Dungloe which is 58 kilometres away was dispatched to attend Mrs Callaghan but that was stood down when one of the ambulances was eventually freed up.Professor Cathal O Domhnaill, Medical Director of the National Ambulance Service said the issue of off-load times with ambulance around the country was endemic.He added that these delays are a consequence of emergency department overcrowding and that overall hospital capacity is the issue.He further stated that the issue in his opinion has gotten worse in recent times.General Manager of Letterkenny University Hospital Mr Sean Murphy painted a grim picture of conditions at the hospital.He revealed that full capacity protocol at the hospital during 94% of the time during this past year.He described the situation as “horrendous” but paid tribute to his staff for the conditions in which they had to work on a daily basis.He said that even with the opening of an extra ten beds in the past year as well as a ‘discharge lounge’ they were still fighting over-crowding on a daily basis.He also described how himself and his Director of Nursing recently went around the hospital in the middle of the night looking for extra bed capacity because of overcrowding.Sean Magee, barrister for the Callaghan family asked if an extra trolley could be placed on an ambulance so that it could be used to prevent or relieve off-load delays.But Mr O Domhnaill said that this could not be possible for a number of reasons including the fact that ambulance simply could not fit it in.Mr Magee was also asked if it was ever advisable that the families of patients in extreme emergencies could drive them to hospital.Mr O Domhnaill said that they could not stop people from doing this but the HSE would never advise this for a number of reasons including the fact that the drivers could be under emotional stress and may cause an accident themselves.Summing up, coroner Dr Denis McCauley said he was returning a narrative verdict.He found that Mrs Callaghan had died as a result of haemorragic shock as a result of haemorrhage secondary to a bone marrow biopsy.However, he said among the important facts were the ambulance offload delays and the fact that Letterkenny University Hospital was at full capacity protocol where no additional measures were possible to hasten the release of ambulances back to the community.He then called on the HSE to review those protocols for the prevention of ambulance delays because the present ones are “insufficient and unworkable.”He expressed sympathy with the many members of the extended Callaghan family who were present for the inquest.The Callaghan family thanked the coroner and also Mr O’Domhnaill and Mr Murphy and the hospital staff for how they handled the inquest.Coroner demands review of ambulance turnaround times after tragic death was last modified: December 6th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:coronerdeathdelayinquestletterkennyMargaret Callaghanturnaorund timeslast_img read more