High-precision radiocarbon dates have confirmed that Biblical Edom was active with industrial-scale metal production in the 10th and 9th centuries. Archaeologists publishing in PNAS said,1 “The methodologies applied to the historical IA archaeology of the Levant have implications for other parts of the world where sacred and historical texts interface with the material record.” In other words, sacred and historical texts should sometimes be taken seriously – not dismissed out of hand. The authors viewed their results as a challenge to recent “minimalist” re-interpretations of the Bible that try to relegate the stories of David and Solomon to myths and legends by saying that Israel was too tiny to support the wealth and power described in the Bible. They also challenge the ridicule that has been heaped on those who took the Bible as a reliable guide for archaeologists. Here’s how they started their paper:In 1940, the American archaeologist Nelson Glueck summarized his extensive 1930s archaeological surveys in Transjordan in his book The Other Side of the Jordan, asserting that he had discovered King Solomon’s mines in the Faynan district (the northern part of biblical Edom), ~50 km south of the Dead Sea in what is now southern Jordan. The period between the First and Second World Wars has been called the “Golden Age” of biblical archaeology when this subfield was characterized by an almost literal interpretation of the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible, HB) as historical fact. Archaeologists such as Glueck metaphorically carried the trowel in 1 hand and the Bible in the other, searching the archaeological landscape of the southern Levant for confirmation of the biblical narrative from the Patriarchs to the United Monarchy under David and Solomon to other personages, places, and events mentioned in the sacred text. Beginning in the 1980s, this paradigm came under severe attack, primarily by so-called biblical minimalist scholars who argued that as the HB was edited in its final form during the 5th century (c.)BC, any reference in the text to events earlier than ca. 500 BC were false. Accordingly, the events ascribed to the early Israelite and Judean kings from the 10th-9th c. BCE were viewed as concocted by elite 5th c. BCE editors of the HB who resided in postexilic times in Babylon and later in Jerusalem. Some of the casualities [sic] of the scholarly debate between the traditional biblical scholarship and biblical minimalists has been the historicity of David and Solomon—the latter of which is traditionally cross-dated by biblical text (1 Kings 11:40; 14:25; and 2 Chronicles 12:2�9) and the military topographic list of the Egyptian Pharaoh Sheshonq I (Shishak in the HB) found at the Temple of Amun in Thebes and dated to the early 10th c. BCE (5). ….The 14C dates associated with smelting debris layers from Faynan reported here demonstrate intensive 10th�9th c. BCE industrial metallurgical activities conducted by complex societies. The analytical approach advocated here argues for an historical biblical archaeology rooted in the application of science-based methods that enables subcentury dating and the control of the spatial context of data through digital recording tools.The researchers carefully dated carbon-bearing materials from the site discovered in 2005 (see 02/18/2005) as a candidate for the massive copper-mining operation of Edom described in the Bible. The paper describes in detail the methods they used: carbon dating charcoal pieces from the site with high precision equipment. Some of the dates stretch well before 1000 BCE – before David’s kingdom. The paper contains pictures and sketches of the complex smelting operation with its copper slag mounts found at the likely site of Biblical Edom across the Arabah from southern Israel. The researchers concluded that the revisionist, minimalist dates of 7th century BCE are no longer tenable. What are the implications? “These new data indicate the need to revisit the relationship between the early IA history of the southern Levant [eastern Mediterranean]” among other things. Perhaps other minimalist dates will be falsified under the new scientific techniques used by this team – thus lending credibility once again to the practice of digging with a Bible in one hand, a trowel in the other, and a radiocarbon dating machine back in the lab. In their words, “the question of whether King Solomon’s copper mines have been discovered in Faynan returns to scholarly discourse.” The day after our entry on the Levy et al paper appeared, Science Daily posted its report and other news sites followed. National Geographic News reported that some of the funding for the project came from the National Geographic Society. Todd Bolen’s Bible Places Blog contains pictures of the site and links for more information.Update 10/29/2008: Bible Places Blog posted another report from an archaeological dig relating to the time of David and Solomon: Biblical Gath, home of Goliath. The team excavating Tell es-Safi used joint on-site analytical methods “unparalled at ANY excavation in Israel, and in fact, in the world,” Todd Bolen, a professor in Israel for 11 years, said. After reviewing the team’s report, he added, “For many reasons, this excavation looks like it will be extremely beneficial for archaeological and biblical studies.”1. Levy et al, “High-precision radiocarbon dating and historical biblical archaeology in southern Jordan,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online before print October 27, 2008, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0804950105.Bible scholars will surely find this paper interesting. There’s something satisfying about debunking the debunkers. Congratulations to National Geographic News, usually a Darwinist propaganda bullhorn, for giving a fair report on the story without disparaging the Bible in the process. Time to minimize minimalism in Biblical archaeology. Minimalists? Don’t need ’em in Edom.(Visited 21 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Zach Profit, Van Wert Co.We have had some freezing temperatures. It got cold enough that we could run all night after we started back up on Saturday. We had enough wind that it is starting to dry off again. We have been happy to get some days to run.We finished soybeans and we are 72% done with corn. We hope we can finish in the next week. If you get outside of Van Wert County, there is still quite a bit of corn out in the fields.Corn yields have been pretty strong. We will be better than last year, but not by much. This year will probably be the best corn we’ve raised and the best beans we have raised. We are pleased.The moisture in the corn increased. It seems like we picked up a point of two of moisture. It bottomed out around 17% and I doubt it will get dryer than that. The yields are still good and quality has been good. There has been talk of vomitoxin here and there. There is nothing major or widespread, but the elevators are testing for it and apparently they have had it in hog houses. When the pigs sense the vomitoxin, they scoop the bad feed out of their feeder and put it in a pile until they find the good stuff. They started testing and found some loads with elevated levels. It sounds like it is really bad in Canada where they are even leaving corn stand in the fields because they don’t know what to do with it.As a whole farm average I am hoping to see around 210. Most of the average yields we have seen are from 200 to 230. We have not had much under 200 bushels. Storage wise I think we can hold what we have left.There is really not a ton of field work done around here. If you didn’t get in during that window there before Halloween, you haven’t done much since then. This is about the first window in the last couple of weeks. Not a lot of spraying was done either. It will be interesting to see what kind of messes we have in the spring. I have only seen one sprayer out this entire fall. We haven’t done any. I think most guys have already winterized their sprayers.It looks like a lot will get done with harvest this week. I still think most guys around there will finish up before they did last year.For the rest of this week’s reports click here.
The Manipur police has claimed that the number of extremist-related incidents declined in the State in the year 2018 when compared to the previous years. A statement issued by the PRO of Manipur police, W. Basu Singh on Monday said 127 insurgency-related incidents were reported in the State in the year 2018, while in 2017 it was 167 and 233 in the year 2016. It said the State police, along with security personnel deployed in the State, had arrested 404 extremists from various places in the State in the year 2018. The statement claimed the State police and the security forces have been taken up proactive counter-insurgency measures which led to a decline in the number of extremist-related incidents.
Parliament is set to witness a full-blooded spectre on Wednesday when Manmohan Singh’s government would try and defend – what the Opposition has successfully portrayed as – the “indefensible”. The blip from sports minister Ajay Maken, blaming the NDA regime for appointing Suresh Kalmadi as the Commonwealth Games Organising Committee (OC) chairman, has snowballed into a no- holds- barred debate in both Houses.A visibly cornered government was continually at the receiving end on Tuesday.Not merely because a disgraced Kalmadi is already cooling his heels in Tihar Jail, but also since the Opposition’s onslaught, backed by the CAG report and other documentary evidences, looked scathingly credible.In the Rajya Sabha, BJP veteran Arun Jaitley went for the kill and said the entire government brass, including the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), looked the other way as Kalmadi hijacked the conduct of the Games.The OC, Jaitley said, was intended to be a government entity, or at least a government- supported body, but Kalmadi got it registered as a private society.”This completed the hijack and the objections of sports ministers (Sunil Dutt, Mani Shankar Aiyar and M. S. Gill) were ignored. The Prime Minister overruled everyone, even a recommendation of the GoM, and allowed the OC to become Kalmadi’s personal fiefdom,” he said.The BJP leader demanded that the government must identify the source from where Kalmadi drew his immense powers, and pointed out that the Pune MP had claimed to be appointed as the OC chief after a series of meetings with UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi.advertisement”The political heads of the government of India and Delhi are accountable to the country through Parliament. The government never took the House into confidence and presented a twisted version of the facts on this monumental fraud,” Jaitley added.Speaking for the government, Rashid Alvi (Congress) presented a feeble defence and blamed the CAG for exceeding its brief by commenting on policy matters and the appointment of Kalmadi. This led to an uproar in the House with CPM’s Prasanta Chatterjee regretting the practice of constantly attacking the CAG.The CPI’s D. Raja wouldn’t settle for describing the conduct of the Games as anything less than a “financial loot” of taxpayers’ money. “If there are skeletons in the cupboards, all should come out. The PMO had a crucial role in appointing Kalmadi and, therefore, the PM should personally respond to all this,” he said.Raja said the estimates of organising the CWG went up from Rs 1,200 crore to Rs 18,532 by 2010. “The then finance minister (P. Chidambaram) should explain this financial loot,” he added.The Opposition said heads must roll, and identified Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit as the one who must instantly go. Their other demand was that nothing less than a Supreme Court- monitored CBI probe can take the lid off the wrongdoings.In the Lok Sabha, the BJP’s Yashwant Sinha said the PM failed to act against Kalmadi despite complaints by at least two sports ministers and senior officials. ” Kalmadi could have been removed any time over the years ( from 2004 to 2010),” he said.More trouble seems to be in store for Sheila DikshitDelhi Lokayukta, Justice Manmohan Sarin, has sought the latest CAG report to explore if a case can be made out on the basis of the report, which indicted the CM. The move gains significance since the Opposition has been demanding Dikshit’s resignation on corruption charges related to the Commonwealth Games.
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Arsenal boss Emery (almost) confirms he hopes for Denis Suarez dealby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal boss Unai Emery could not rule out the arrival of Barcelona midfielder Denis Suarez after their FA Cup win at Blackpool.Emery was pushed by reporters about a move for the Spaniard.He began, “I don’t know. “I think the club is working for the possibility to bring in some players who can help us during this next four months of competition. It’s a different situation. If the transfer market can help us find a centre back, the possibility to bring them in is not easy because we also have Mavropanos coming back from injury. “If we have the possibility to sign some important players, we can do it. At left or right wing, perhaps one player can help us in this position. We will only sign players who give us quality. “He was playing as a left or right winger for Sevilla when he was with me.”
MONTREAL – There’s a flap in Montreal over the Quebec flag.Two Montrealers are accusing the city of violating rules set out in provincial legislation that state the Fleur-de-lis should have “precedence over any other flag or emblem” and be displayed in certain designated places.A lawyer for the two retired Montreal journalists championing the cause says legal action could ensue if the city fails to act.Lawyer Hugo Vaillancourt said he and his clients looked further into the matter after they approached him.“We did an analysis to know whether Montreal was respecting the laws,” said Vaillancourt. “What we found was that there were numerous infractions in the city.”Vaillancourt said one obvious violation was the absence of the Quebec flag from Montreal’s council chamber.He says the Fleur-de-lis was also missing from several recent official events involving dignitaries and that the order of the three flags that fly in front of city hall is incorrect.“According to our interpretation (of the law), that means for Montreal’s city hall, when there are three flags displayed, the Quebec one must be in the middle,” Vaillancourt said.On Thursday, the Canadian flag was flying in the middle with the Quebec and City of Montreal flags flanking it. In contrast, the Quebec flag is on the middle pole outside city hall in Quebec City.The provincial Justice Department confirmed it sent a letter to Montreal’s director general last January outlining the fact that rules weren’t being followed.A letter provided by the department written by deputy justice minister France Lynch noted the flag wasn’t displayed during official events.“Allow me to remind you of the importance of complying with the protocol,” Lynch wrote.A city spokesman said it has taken note of the government’s correspondence and that the policy is under review.“We are currently analyzing the different historical and legal elements related to flag etiquette,” Gonzalo Nunez said in an email. “The city’s flag policy dates back to 1996, so the current administration has pursued the policy of previous administrations.”Vaillancourt said other municipalities might also be flouting the rules, but it would require further investigation.In the case of Montreal, a formal notice letter has been drafted and will be fired off if nothing changes.“It’s a reminder that Montreal is in the province of Quebec and it must respect the Quebec law,” said Vaillancourt. “It’s not up to a municipal official to make distinctions to the law where there aren’t any.”
Mike Pesca knows just how dominant Connecticut’s women’s basketball team has been this year. He lamented recently on Slate’s “Hang Up and Listen” podcast (around 49 minutes in) that every time he tuned in to a UConn game while working out at the gym this season, usually with 10 minutes left on the clock, the game was already effectively over.By just how much have the Huskies been draining the drama out of Pesca’s workouts? A lot, and by a whole lot more than their predecessors did.At halftime of the average UConn game this year, the Huskies were winning by 25 points. That’s staggering — so staggering that it blows away four of the best teams in recent history: the last four UConn teams, which all reached the Final Four. The last two won the title. Those two championship teams averaged halftime leads of a mere 20 points; the Huskies’ average halftime lead was even lower in the two years before that.By five and a half minutes into the second half, this year’s UConn team averaged a lead of more than 32 points, compared to less than 26 points last year and 24 points or less in the prior three seasons. (Just four teams other than UConn this year beat opponents by more than 20 points per game. And that was their margin at the end of games, not soon after halftime.)But at that 5:30 mark we begin to see a dip. At that point, the ultracompetitive Huskies showed a tiny fraction of mercy. If they’d carried on at the same rate for the whole game, they’d have won by an average of 51 points. Instead they won by only 42 points per game. By the time Pesca was tuning in, UConn led by an average of 35 points. (This is all based on data provided by ESPN Stats & Information, supplemented with play-by-plays from the UConn website.)We also looked at the data another way: How often this season was UConn, say, trailing? Or winning by 40 points?The Huskies established dominance early: By six and a half minutes into their games this year, they were tied or trailing just once. And they led for the entire second half in most games, though Stanford tied things up in regulation and then dealt UConn its only loss, back in November. More than half the time, UConn led by at least 30 points two minutes into the second half. That all adds up to lots of minutes of Mike Pesca doing bicep curls with dull basketball on in the background.This doesn’t necessarily mean this year’s UConn team is the best UConn team of the last five years. The school shifted to the American Athletic Conference two seasons ago from the Big East, which has made for easier conference games and more blowouts. And the previous seasons’ stats include NCAA tournament games, some of which were close — though many were also blowouts.Even so, it’d take a whole lot of NCAA tournament drama to undo all the meaningless second halves the Huskies have played so far this year. Our forecast currently gives them a 74 percent chance of winning the title, before they’ve played their first game. That doesn’t leave much room for nail-biters.Check out FiveThirtyEight’s March Madness predictions.
Columbus, it’s time to party like it’s 2002. Well, almost time at least. Your Buckeyes still have to beat Michigan next weekend to cap off the program’s first undefeated season since 2002, when the Scarlet and Gray won 14 games and the national championship. The 2002 squad was notorious for squeaking out wins in close games, and Ohio State seems intent on honoring that team’s 10-year anniversary with an eerily similar season. In 2002 and 2012 OSU entered the season ranked outside the top 10 and was largely an afterthought when talking about the nation’s top teams. Yet week after week they won, sometimes convincingly, but more often by prevailing in nail biters. Such was the case again on Saturday, as OSU overcame Wisconsin in overtime, 21-14. The Buckeyes almost took its connection with the 2002 season too far on Saturday, as the coaching staff channeled its inner “Tressel ball.” It was surprising to see first-year coach Urban Meyer’s staff call such a conservative game. And it was even more shocking how it went about doing it. Sophomore quarterback Braxton Miller never got it going as a runner, but the staff seemed intent on making it happen for the Heisman hopeful. Miller averaged just 2.1 yards while receiving a team-high 23 carries. Meanwhile, junior running back Carlos Hyde averaged 5.8 yards per touch, yet only carried the ball 15 times. Hyde received eight carries on first down, and averaged 6.5 yards on those attempts. Miller averaged less than three yards on his 12 first-down carries. It was as if the coaching staff was trying to jam a square peg into a round hole, with a circular block lying right beside it. OSU’s inability to move the ball forward on first down set up many third-and-long situations. As a result, it punted a season-high nine times. Had Hyde received just a few more first-down touches, that number could have dropped dramatically. But thanks to some superb defense, clutch special teams, timely offensive production and a little bit of luck, OSU was still able to come away with the win. Just like in 2002. Put a fork in it OSU’s undefeated season is still intact, but the same can’t be said for Miller’s Heisman candidacy. Though he’s had a spectacular season, it was always unlikely that Miller would walk away with college football’s most coveted individual award. There was simply too much working against the sophomore. He plays on a team ineligible for postseason play, in a weak conference against a weaker schedule. Still, there was an outside chance that Miller could receive a late surge with statement performances against Wisconsin and Michigan. He effectively ended that hope with a clunker on Saturday, throwing for a season-low 97 yards while looking lost running the football. Surprisingly enough OSU still has a chance to win the Associated Press national title, which not long ago seemed more of a long shot than Miller winning the Heisman. The Buckeyes still need plenty of help to be chosen as the AP’s top team. Without a bowl game it will be out of sight, out of mind after next weekend, and that will hurt its cause. Not to mention there will be a definitive winner in a game designed to crown a national champion. Yes, OSU has to hope for chaos. But chaos is the name of the game in college football, especially in November. Last night alone the No. 1 and No. 2 ranked teams, Kansas State and Oregon, lost when they were heavily favored to win. There’s still plenty of November football to be played, with the possibility of more contenders falling at the hands of underdogs. Is it likely to happen? No, but it’s certainly possible. And just the fact that we are mentioning OSU and national championship in the same breath this season is fairly remarkable. Give an extra helmet sticker to… The entire OSU defense. Yes, it allowed more than 200 yards rushing. Yes, it surrendered the game-tying score in the final seconds of regulation. And yes, its play redefined the term “bend but don’t break.” The Buckeye defense had plenty of shortcomings on Saturday. You can blame just about every one of the members of the Buckeye offense. OSU’s offense managed a meager 36 yards in the second half, while never sustaining a drive of more than 3 minutes. By the end of the fourth quarter the defense was absolutely gassed. It was unfortunate that they conceded a score to send the game to overtime, but it could have been much worse for the Buckeyes. Senior defensive end John Simon terrorized the Wisconsin offensive line, matching a career-high with four sacks. Sophomore linebacker Ryan Shazier made the play of the season, forcing a fumble on the goal line and preserving a late OSU lead. Junior safety Christian Bryant recovered that fumble, and also broke up a pass in overtime to win the game. There were some great individual efforts from OSU’s defense on Saturday. But as a whole, the unit played its most complete game of the season, in a contest in which it was needed the most.
Ohio State redshirt senior outfielder Shea Murray stands in the box against Purdue on April 1, 2017 at Bill Davis Stadium. Credit: Edward Sutelan | Lantern reporterIt was a down year for the Ohio State baseball team, but three players managed to find success this season as graduates starting pitcher Shea Murray and catcher Jalen Washington, along with junior Tre’ Gantt were selected in the 2017 Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.The Buckeyes also heard the name of their top two recruits — left-handed starting pitcher Seth Lonsway and right-handed starting pitcher Xavier Moore — called on Wednesday.Though Murray had made the transition from the mound to the outfield this past season, the Pittsburgh Pirates selected him in the 18th round, 538th overall as a pitcher. This marks the second time Murray has been drafted by a MLB team, as he was drafted as a pitcher in the 39th round (1,158th overall) by the Texas Rangers in 2015.On the mound, Murray owns a career 10.95 ERA over 12.1 innings of work. He struck out 17 batters, though 12 walks and overall control issues led to the decision for him to switch to the outfield. In his only season as a hitter, Murray posted a .252/.329/.449 slash line with three home runs and a pair of stolen bases. His three triples on the season were tied for the most on the team, and his .449 slugging percentage was the fourth-best on the team. Ohio State’s starting shortstop this past season, Washington, was chosen by the San Diego Padres in the 29th round with the 858th overall pick. But like Murray, it was not for the position he played in 2017.Washington was drafted by the Padres as a catcher, the position he manned in the 2016 season during the Buckeyes’ Big Ten tournament title run. That year, he caught 59 games and was placed on the Johnny Bench Award watch list on May 18, 2016. However, the team opted to shift him over to shortstop for the 2017 season, in an effort to make the most of his athleticism.Over his career, he has a .254/.357/.393 slash line with 10 home runs and 32 stolen bases. At the plate, 2017 was a career year for Washington as he posted career-highs in doubles (14), triples (five), home runs (seven), batting average (.266) and slugging percentage (.468), while tying a career-high in stolen bases (14).Gantt was the third and final Buckeye drafted on Wednesday after he was selected in the 29th round, 882nd by the Cleveland Indians. He still has one remaining year of eligibility, and could return to the team if he and the Indians do not agree to terms on a contract.In his first year as a regular starter, Gantt maximized every opportunity and spent the bulk of the season batting atop the Buckeyes’ lineup and playing center field.Though he did start in 38 games and appear in 47 games two seasons ago, it was not until the second half of the year when now-Colorado Rockies’ minor league first baseman Jacob Bosiokovic made the switch from right field to first base to free up the position for Gantt to play.Gantt enjoyed a breakout campaign in 2017, posting career-highs in every major statistical category, including a team-leading .426 on-base percentage. He was also tied for the team lead with 14 stolen bases with Washington. His overall slash line of .314/.426/.426 proved valuable for the Buckeye offense as he served as the catalyst for the team’s offense batting out of the leadoff spot in 41 of the team’s 56 games.The Buckeyes also saw a pair of recruits drafted on Wednesday.The first pitcher selected was Xavier Moore, a recruit from Lorain, Ohio, who was drafted in the 16th round with the 494th overall selection by the Texas Rangers. The graduate of Amherst High School is expected to sign with the Rangers.Ohio State’s top recruit, Seth Lonsway, was selected in the 19th round with the 557th overall pick by the Cincinnati Reds.The southpaw out of Celina High School in Celina, Ohio, was ranked as the 148th best draft prospect by MLB Pipeline. He was projected to be a third-round pick in the draft by MLB.com and Baseball America. Prior to the draft, he told The Daily Standard’s Colin Foster that he would determine the strength of his commitment based on where he was selected in the draft. The amount of days he has remaining until he can reach an agreement with the Reds is still unknown.
Southampton striker Danny Ings has revealed he has a goal scoring bet with Liverpool forward Mohamed Salah.The striker who is currently on loan from Liverpool jokingly placed a bet with the Egyptian star insisting he would score more goals in the Premier League this season.If Salah loses the bet, he must stump up to send Ings on a trip to see the pyramids in his homeland but if the Ings loses he will have to buy last season’s top scorer coffee.Ings currently has three goals in the league compared to Salah’s two but will watch from the stands this weekend when Southampton travel to Anfield to face Liverpool.Danny Ings is backed up by Kevin Keegan Manuel R. Medina – June 3, 2019 The Southampton and England icon believes the Saints footballer will do very well next season in the Premier League.“Mo helped me a lot when I was at Liverpool and we exchanged a few messages.” Ings said, according to FoxSports.“He said, ‘Let’s see who scores the most’ and I laughed it off, given how good he is.”“Mo is one of the best players in the world. He is so worshipped in Egypt so I said if I win the bet he has to give me access to half of Egypt on holiday but if he wins, I need to buy him a Costa coffee!”The former Burnley striker will compete a permanent move to Southampton next summer for a fee in the region of £16million after Liverpool included an obligatory clause for the saints to sign the player after the loan is complete.